Many people may wonder that, why do plants need a staking and what are the exact reasons to provide staking in plants???…….and yes this is the time to know what exactly staking in plants and what are the advantages behind staking….
- What is staking in plants?
Staking is the process of inserting a stake or rod into the growing media beside the plant in order to provide physical support for the plant growth.
- For which crops staking is required?
Plants which grow naturally large and tall such plants need a extra support.
Plants like, tomato, pole bean, gourds like bitter gourd, bottle gourd, ridge gourd, cucumber, snake gourd.
- Materials required for staking
Hardwood garden stakes like bamboo sticks / plastic stakes – Choose a stake tall enough to hold a full-grown plant, generally we provide 5 feet sticks.
Budding tape / plant tape / jute threads-which should provide durable support for plants to remain connected with the stake, easily adjustable as the plant grows.
- Procedure involved in staking
- Collect the required materials
- Drive or insert a stake just beside the plant- Position the garden stake 15 cm away from the plant, drive it into the ground, make sure that the garden stake is firmly and deeply inserted into the ground
- Take a plant tape that should not string, tie the plant stem with the stake , remember that tie should be made in a loose manner that should not hurt the delicate plant
- In case of gourds turn or divert the grown tendrils towards provided support so that, plant starts growing along or with the provided support.
What are the advantages of staking?
- Provides the physical support for the plant growth and Promotes growth of more branches and veins
- Staking and supporting keeps plants and fruit off the ground and gives us clean, fresh and healthy fruits.
- Reduces losses from fruit rots when fruit touch the soil
- Facilitates a even distribution of sunlight and medicines
- Supported plants are easier to spray medicines
- Easy for nutrient application
- Easier to harvest
- Supported plants makes easier to work around the plants.
- It saves space. You can grow more plants in a given area.
Staking in tomato
Staking stage: staking should be provided when the plant grows 6-8 inches height i.e, 18-20 days after sowing.
Length of staking: depends on height of plant growth generally 5 feet staking is recommended.
Staking in gourds
- Gourds like, bottle gourd, snake gourd, bitter gourd, ridge gourd and in cucumber
- Generally pendal system of staking is practiced in gourds
Staking stage: when the plant reaches 3 leaf stage (excluding cotyledon leaves) i.e., 15- 20 days after sowing.
What happens if we do not provide staking
- Fruit and plants touches the ground which leads to attack soil borne diseases and fruit rots results in low yield of the plant
- Un-even distribution of sun light on plant
- Plant acts as obstacles during the pesticide spray, nutrient application and any other plant care operations
- Difficulty in harvesting
- Wastage of planting area
- Suppression in the new tendril or vein development in gourds
-Sushmitha C V